Sallows Gallery The Life and Times of R.R. Sallows Search the Collection Virtual Exhibits Pastimes Send a Postcard Home

 

         
  1727 Professor Johann Heinrich Schulze discovers and experiments with the darkening action of light on mixtures of chalk and silver nitrate
     
  1814
to
1826
Joseph Nicéphore Niépce creates his first photographic image with a camera obscura
     
  1834 William Henry Fox Talbot experiments with photogenic drawings, creating permanent (negative) images and then using contact printing to create a positive image
     
  1837 Louis Daguerre creates the Daguerrotype process
     
  1853 Nadar (Gaspard Felix Tournachon) opens his portrait studio in Paris
     
  1854 Adolphe-Eugene Disdéri patents carte-de-visite portraiture in Paris which leads to a worldwide interest in portrait studios
     
Reuben Sallows born in Colborne Township, Ontario to James & Sarah Jane (Tiffen) Sallows 1855 Ambrotypes (direct positive images on glass) and Ferrotypes (tintypes) become popular in North America
     
  1861 Oliver Wendell Holmes invents the popular stereoscopic viewer
     
Census of Ontario records two photographers working in Goderich, Ontario - E.L. Johnson and D. Campbell - eleven in Huron County   1871 Richard Leach Maddox, an English doctor, invents the gelatin “dry plate” silver bromide process
       
Sallows looks for work in Goderich and is offered position of traveling representative for photographer R.R. Thompson   1876  
       
Begins apprenticeship with R.R. Thompson   1878 Dry plates are manufactured commercially
       
    1880 George Eastman founds the Eastman Dry Plate Company in Rochester, New York

The New York Daily Graphic publishes the first half-tone photograph to appear in a newspaper

       
Purchases the studio of R.R. Thompson

Census of Canada reports five photographic studios in Huron County and 103
in the Province of Ontario

  1881  
       
Hires assistant Thomas Brophy   1882  
       
Joins Huron Photographers' Association and begins creating "stereoscopic views"

  1883  
       
Expands business producing "Views of Goderich & Vicinity" photocard series and introduces retail sales of supplies, enlargements and copies   1885  
       
Begins to advertise as R.R. Sallows

  1887  
       
Expands available services from studio with sales of picture frames and moulding

Introduces use of "flash light"
photography in work

  1888 Eastman introduces and markets the Kodak camera and use of roll film
       
Tours countryside with a "world renowned Pamphengos Dissolving View Apparatus" (magic lantern slide show)

Goderich Signal Star publishes an "Illustrated Supplement" including history of his business Exhibits at the Northwestern Fair

  1889  
       
    1890 Jacob Riis publishes photos of tenement life within New York City in How the Other Half Lives
       
With Thomas Brophy, expands business by purchasing studio of George Stewart   1892 Frederick Ives introduces the first complete system for natural colour photography
       
Thomas Brophy takes over
Stewart's business from Sallows

Hires new assistant E. Seaton McCully, a photographer and fine artist, and begins offering art courses at the Sallows' studio

  1895 The Lumiére Brothers and Edison demonstrate motion picture cameras and projectors
       
Enters world of commercial photography by selling a picture, taken at a nearby summer resort of his daughter and neighbour, to various trade publications, including The Buffalo Express, The Toronto Globe, The St. Louis and Canadian Photographer, and later to an American publication, The Inland Printer

Attends Canadian Photographer's Convention in London, Ontario winning gold prize for "child studies" plus merit awards for portraits, views and exhibit of flash light media

  1897  
     
  1900 First mass-marketed camera, the Kodak Brownie, is introduced
     
Moves back to old studio on Montreal Street, after several months at a studio on West Street, reporting better light and facilities in old studio 1902  
     
Introduces "baby day" - an annual
event offering free photographs of children

The Inland Printer, the "leading publication
of its kind on the continent" carries 8 of his photographs

Work is used commercially by
Toronto and U.S. publishing firms

Local newspaper recognizes the
artistry in his photographs referring to
them as 'Sallowsgraphs'

1903  
     
His son, Darius Doty (D.D.) Sallows,
purchases Woodstock photographic studio
1906  
     
Advertises sale of amateur photo supplies – “Brownies” and ‘Kodaks”

Requests permission from area farmers to photograph “herds of fat cattle and droves of fat sheep” plus farm machinery

Travels to Quebec photographing scenes for commercial work stemming from Canadian cities, the States and Great Britain

1907 Lumiére Brothers market the first Autochrome colour film process commercially
     
Clients include the Grand Trunk Railway, Farmers' Advocate, the Ontario Government, plus publishing firms in the U.S., Great Britain and Europe; obtains agent in London, England

Published on front page of Montreal Gazette
1908 Gabriel Lippman wins a Nobel Prize for his method of reproducing colour by photography
     
Clients include Collier's Weekly and New York State College of Agriculture
(part of Cornell University)

Travels, on two separate occasions, to Northern Ontario shooting for an American magazine and newspaper syndicate, plus the Graphic Photo Union of London, England

Acknowledged as “Canada's photographic genius” by Busy Man’s Magazine

Begins selling photographic supplies and processing photographs for
amateur photographers

1909 Lewis Hine is hired by United States National Child Labor Committee to photograph children working in mills
     
Published in numerous American magazines

Canadian Department of Immigration purchases works depicting "farm life"

Rod and Gun magazine features
photographs of 1909 trip to Algonquin

Travels include visits to Grimsby, Ontario photographing area fruit farms for Grand Trunk Railway; Rochester, New York; Port Colborne, Ontario for the Maple Leaf Milling Co. plus the Parry Sound and Magnetawan regions

1910  
     
Travels 150 miles west of Sudbury photographing the Soo Line to Blind River railway, captures his "River Driving"
scene along route

Published in Inland Printer and Printing Art

Commissioned by Canadian Pacific
Railway to photograph freight cars

Spends 2 weeks in the highlands of Ontario for Grand Trunk Railway; accompanies manager of Highland Inn, Algonquin Park,
on deer hunting trip

Toronto Globe features picture of a big turkey; Christian Guardian runs 1909 picture of Harry Morris and P.A. Robertson in pumpkin patch

1911  
     
Travels to Algonquin shooting promotional photographs for Grand Trunk Railway and visits J. R. Booth Lumber Company

Commissions include farm scenes of tobacco farmers for use in publications by the Dominion Immigration Department

Published in Country Life magazine,
London, England

1912  
     
Travels to Ottawa for conference with Department of Immigration and receives commission to go to Western Canada; records this trip in a series of letters published
in the Goderich Signal

Meets in Montreal with head of advertising for Grand Trunk Railway; travels to Temagami on seven day shoot on points of
interest to travelers

Accompanied by Athol McQuarrie, travels to Gravenhurst, Lake Rosseau, and Shadow River

1913 Eastman Kodak Company establishes the first industrial photographic research laboratory
     
Travels to Algonquin Park for Grand Trunk Railway to shoot promotional brochure

Commissioned by Canadian Pacific Railway to photograph French River district for use in advertising literature

1914 The first 35mm still cameras are developed
     
Travels to the Eastern Townships in Quebec

Revives his famous "baby day"

1915  
     
Travels to Lake Abitibi Region (north Eastern Ontario south of James Bay) for two weeks on commission from National
Transcontinental Railway

Talents recognized in Printer and Publisher Magazine; Country Life Reader; and a publication by the Alberta Department of Education features his photos

Purchases his first car, a Model T Ford

Flora Sallows dies

Number of commercial works total 6,000 6"x8"
backed prints

1916  
     
Marries Clara Bamford and travels
to Algonquin Park for honeymoon
1917 Nippon Kogaku K.K., which eventually becomes Nikon is established in Tokyo
     
"Farming Opportunities in Canada" published
by the Ontario Government contains
a number of Sallows' photos
1920  
     
Department of Immigration and Colonization orders series of photographs of good
homes and outbuildings in the area
1922  
     
  1924 Ernst Leitz designs and markets the "Leica" -- the first high quality 35mm camera
     
Work is published in Farm and Dairy Magazine 1925 André Kertész begins an 11-year project photographing street life in Paris
     
Ceases advertising in local publications 1927 General Electric invents modern flashbulb
     
National Geographic Magazine publishes his photograph “Killing Turkey” 1930  
     
  1932 Henri Cartier-Bresson buys a Leica and begins a 60-year career photographing people
     
  1934 Fuji Photo Film is founded
     
  1935 Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film
     
Dies in car accident, at age 82,while
traveling to photo shoot at a school camp
1937  
     
 
 
 
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